Causes & Symptoms Of BPD In Females

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is a complex mental health condition that affects individuals from all walks of life. However, when it comes to recognizing and understanding the symptoms of BPD, it is crucial to consider the unique experiences and expressions of females. In this article, we delve into the distinctive signs of BPD exhibited by women, shedding light on the emotional rollercoaster, self-image struggles, and relationship challenges they often face. By enhancing awareness, we aim to foster empathy and facilitate early intervention for those affected by this condition.

What Are The Symptoms Of BPD In Females?

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) manifests differently in individuals, but common symptoms are often observed in females. These symptoms may include:

  • Intense and unstable emotions: Women with BPD may experience intense emotional shifts, ranging from anger, sadness, and anxiety to euphoria, often without a clear trigger. These emotions can be overwhelming and challenging to manage.
  • Impulsive and risky behaviors: Engaging in impulsive behaviors, such as excessive spending, substance abuse, unsafe sex, or reckless driving, is a hallmark of BPD in women. These actions are often driven by a desperate attempt to fill a void or alleviate emotional pain.
  • Unstable and distorted self-image: Women with BPD may struggle with a fragmented sense of self. They may have an unstable self-image, constantly questioning their identity, interests, and goals. They may also feel empty or don’t know who they truly are.
  • Fear of abandonment: A deep-seated fear of abandonment or rejection is common among women with BPD. This fear can lead to clingy or dependent behaviors in relationships and frantic efforts to avoid real or perceived abandonment.
  • Chaotic and turbulent relationships: BPD often affects interpersonal relationships, leading to intense, stormy dynamics. Women with BPD may experience frequent conflicts, have difficulties trusting others, and struggle to maintain stable relationships.
  • Self-harm and suicidal tendencies: Individuals with BPD, including females, are at a higher risk of self-harming behaviors, such as cutting or burning themselves. Suicidal thoughts or attempts may also be present, particularly during emotional distress.
  • Mood swings and emotional instability: Women with BPD may experience rapid and unpredictable mood swings that can last for hours or even days. These fluctuations can disrupt daily functioning and impact relationships and overall well-being.

These symptoms may vary in intensity and frequency from person to person. If you or someone you know is experiencing these symptoms, seeking professional help for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment is crucial.

Is BPD In Women Dangerous?

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) itself is not inherently dangerous, but its behaviors and challenges can pose risks to the well-being of individuals affected. It’s crucial to understand that BPD is a mental health condition that requires proper diagnosis and treatment.

Some factors associated with BPD can potentially increase the risk of harm:

  • Self-harm and suicide: People with BPD may be at a higher risk of self-harming behaviors, such as cutting or burning themselves. Additionally, individuals with BPD may experience suicidal thoughts or engage in suicide attempts. It is crucial to take any signs of self-harm or suicidal ideation seriously and seek immediate help.
  • Impulsive behaviors: BPD can be accompanied by impulsive actions, such as substance abuse, reckless driving, or risky sexual behaviors. These behaviors can lead to accidents, health risks, legal troubles, or harm to oneself or others.
  • Relationship difficulties: BPD can cause turbulent and unstable relationships. The intense emotions, fear of abandonment, and difficulty regulating emotions can lead to conflicts and strained interpersonal dynamics. Unhealthy relationship patterns may contribute to emotional distress and potential harm to the individuals involved.
  • Co-occurring disorders: Individuals with BPD may experience other mental health conditions simultaneously, such as depression, anxiety, or substance use disorders. Multiple disorders can complicate the symptoms and treatment process, potentially increasing the risk of harm.

It is important to emphasize that individuals with BPD can manage their symptoms effectively and lead fulfilling lives with appropriate diagnosis, treatment, and support. Psychotherapy, specifically dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), is often recommended as an effective treatment approach for BPD.

If you or someone you know is struggling with BPD or experiencing thoughts of self-harm or suicide, it is crucial to seek immediate help from a mental health professional or contact a helpline in your country. Early intervention and proper support can make a significant difference in managing the condition and promoting overall well-being.

Borderline Personality Disorder Facts

Individual talk therapy may successfully treat BPD. In addition, group therapy and books about borderline personality disorder can sometimes be helpful. Medications have less of a role in the treatment of BPD. However, they can occasionally treat depression, other diseases that may coexist with this condition, and mood swings.

BPD Treatments

BPD was originally believed to be incurable. However, this isn’t the case because we know that BPD can be effectively treated. Therapy helps many BPD patients who are distressed to feel better.

Dialectical Behavioral Therapy

Psychologist Marsha Linehan developed dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT). This treatment teaches you to deal with challenging and overwhelming emotions. The most popular method of treating BPD is DBT. Each skill set aids in the reduction of BPD symptoms.

Dialectical behavioral therapy imparts four key skill sets to its patients:

  • Interpersonal effectiveness.
  • Emotional regulation.
  • Distress tolerance.
  • Mindfulness.

Mentalization-Based Therapy

Mentalization-based therapy helps you develop an awareness of your inner state. In mentalization-based treatment, fostering empathy for other people’s experiences is a key goal.

According to research published in 2018, this therapy may dramatically lessen the severity of BPD symptoms and co-existing diseases while enhancing the quality of life. However, the authors point out that additional study is still required.


No single medication is effective for BPD, but medications may relieve some symptoms.

As an illustration, medicines may support mood stabilization. Discuss your symptoms with a doctor if you believe medication could help you.

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Borderline Personality Disorder Statistics

The most effective way to treat BPD is through an interprofessional team composed of psychiatrists, psychologists, pharmacists, mental health nurses, and social workers. According to recent studies, 1.6% of people in the United States have BPD. It might seem like a modest percentage, but considering how big the United States is, you may realize that 1.6% represents a sizable portion of the population. One of the hardest mental health diseases to treat is borderline personality disorder. 


According to estimates, BPD affects 1.4% of adult Americans.

Source: NCBI


Women make up about 75% of those with BPD diagnoses.

Source: NCBI


According to surveys, borderline personality disorder affects 20% of patients in inpatient psychiatric facilities.

Source: NCBI

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Individuals with BPD may experience suicidal thoughts or engage in suicide attempts. It is crucial to take any signs of self-harm or suicidal ideation seriously and seek immediate help.
Individuals with BPD may experience suicidal thoughts or engage in suicide attempts. It is crucial to take any signs of self-harm or suicidal ideation seriously and seek immediate help.

Causes Of BPD In Females

The exact causes of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) are not fully understood, but research suggests that a combination of genetic, biological, and environmental factors may contribute to its development.

While BPD affects males and females, the causes specific to females are not well-differentiated. However, some general factors associated with BPD development in both genders include:

  • Genetic predisposition: Evidence suggests that certain genetic factors can make individuals more susceptible to developing BPD. Family studies have shown that individuals with a close family member, such as a parent or sibling, with BPD are at a higher risk of developing the disorder themselves.
  • Brain abnormalities: Research using neuroimaging techniques has identified structural and functional differences in the brains of individuals with BPD. These abnormalities may affect emotional regulation, impulsivity, and decision-making, which are key features of the disorder.
  • Environmental factors: Early life experiences and environmental factors play a significant role in developing BPD. Factors such as childhood trauma, neglect, abuse (physical, sexual, or emotional), unstable family dynamics, or inconsistent parenting styles may contribute to the development of BPD.
  • Invalidating environments: Growing up in an invalidating or emotionally unstable environment where emotions are not validated, understood, or regulated can impact the development of BPD. This may lead to difficulties in emotion regulation and the development of maladaptive coping mechanisms.
  • Co-occurring mental health conditions: BPD often coexists with other mental health conditions, such as depression, anxiety disorders, substance use disorders, or eating disorders. The presence of these conditions may contribute to the development or exacerbation of BPD symptoms.

BPD is a complex disorder influenced by multiple factors, and individual experiences can vary. Genetic predisposition, biological factors, and environmental influences contribute to the development of BPD in women and males alike. Diagnosis and treatment should be sought from mental health professionals who can provide a comprehensive assessment and personalized care.

Life Expectancy Of Woman With BPD

The life expectancy of an individual with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is not significantly different from the general population. BPD itself is not considered a life-threatening condition. However, it is essential to understand that BPD can lead to various challenges and difficulties that may impact overall well-being and quality of life.

Individuals with BPD may face various mental health concerns, including an increased risk of self-harm, suicide attempts, and co-occurring disorders such as depression or substance abuse. These factors can have implications for an individual’s overall health and well-being.

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BPD vs Autism In Females

Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are distinct conditions that can present differently in females. While they share some similarities, they are characterized by distinct features and have separate diagnostic criteria. Here are some key points to consider when comparing BPD and ASD in females:

  • Social interactions and communication: Women with BPD often have intense and unstable interpersonal relationships, struggling with emotional regulation and fear of abandonment. On the other hand, females with ASD may have difficulties with social interactions and communication, experiencing challenges in understanding social cues, nonverbal communication, and developing reciprocal relationships.
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are distinct conditions that can present differently in females.
Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are distinct conditions that can present differently in females.
  • Emotional regulation: Emotional dysregulation is a core feature of BPD, characterized by intense and rapidly shifting emotions. Individuals with BPD may experience mood swings, impulsivity, and difficulty managing emotions. In contrast, individuals with ASD often have difficulties understanding and expressing emotions, which may result in emotional regulation challenges.
  • Sense of self: Women with BPD may struggle with an unstable self-image, identity disturbance, and a chronic feeling of emptiness. Conversely, females with ASD may have a consistent self-perception but struggle with understanding social roles, norms, and expectations.
  • Sensory sensitivities: Individuals with ASD, including females, commonly experience sensory sensitivities or differences. They may be sensitive or hypo-sensitive to certain stimuli, such as lights, sounds, textures, or tastes. Sensory issues are not a characteristic feature of BPD.

Coping Strategies for BPD Symptoms in Females

Coping with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) symptoms can be challenging, but some strategies can help females effectively manage their symptoms and improve overall well-being. Here are some coping strategies commonly recommended for individuals with BPD:

  • Seek professional help: Work with mental health professionals, such as therapists or psychiatrists, specializing in BPD treatment. Psychotherapy, particularly dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), is effective in helping individuals with BPD develop coping skills and emotional regulation techniques.
  • Develop self-awareness: Pay attention to your emotions, triggers, and thinking patterns. Developing self-awareness can help you identify when you’re experiencing BPD symptoms and allow you to intervene early to prevent them from escalating.
  • Practice emotion regulation techniques: Learn techniques to regulate your emotions, such as deep breathing exercises, mindfulness meditation, progressive muscle relaxation, or grounding techniques. These strategies can help you manage intense emotions and reduce impulsive behaviors.
  • Build a support network: Surround yourself with a supportive network of friends, family, or support groups who understand and empathize with your experiences. Connecting with others who share similar struggles can provide validation and support.
  • Develop healthy coping mechanisms: Find healthy outlets for stress and emotions. Engage in activities that bring you joy and help you relax, such as hobbies, creative outlets, physical exercise, or journaling. These activities can serve as positive coping mechanisms and help distract from distressing thoughts and emotions.
  • Establish self-care routines: Prioritize self-care activities that promote overall well-being. This may include getting enough sleep, eating a balanced diet, engaging in regular physical exercise, practicing good hygiene, and ensuring time for relaxation and self-reflection.
  • Practice boundary setting: Establish and communicate your boundaries in relationships to protect your emotional well-being. Learn to say no when necessary and respectfully assert your needs and limits.
  • Challenge negative thoughts: BPD often involves distorted thinking patterns. Practice cognitive restructuring techniques to challenge negative thoughts and replace them with more balanced and realistic ones.
  • Implement stress management strategies: Develop and utilize stress management techniques, such as time management, prioritization, problem-solving, and seeking support during challenging situations.
  • Stay consistent with treatment: Engage in ongoing therapy, medication management (if prescribed), and other treatment strategies recommended by your healthcare professionals. Consistency and adherence to treatment can contribute to long-term symptom management.

Remember that coping strategies vary from person to person, and finding what works best for you is important. Be patient with yourself and celebrate small victories along the way. Contact a mental health professional for personalized guidance and support if you are struggling with BPD symptoms.

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  1. How To Spot A Borderline Woman?

    It is important to approach spotting someone with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) sensitively, as diagnosing any mental health condition requires professional expertise. However, certain signs and behaviors may indicate the presence of BPD. These can include intense and rapidly changing emotions, difficulties with self-image and identity, fear of abandonment, impulsive behaviors, self-harm tendencies, and unstable interpersonal relationships. It is crucial to remember that only a qualified mental health professional can provide an accurate diagnosis.

  2. Are Borderline Personality Disorder Females Emotionally Available?

    Individuals with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD), including females, may struggle with emotional regulation and stability. Their emotions fluctuate rapidly, making it challenging to be consistently emotionally available. BPD can impact the individual’s ability to form and maintain stable relationships, often leading to turbulent dynamics. However, with appropriate treatment and support, individuals with BPD can learn skills to manage their emotions and improve their emotional availability over time.

  3. Can Women With BPD Have Healthy Relationships?

    Women with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) can have healthy relationships with proper diagnosis, treatment, and support. Building and maintaining healthy relationships may require consistent therapy, such as dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), which focuses on improving emotional regulation, communication skills, and interpersonal effectiveness. Both partners must understand BPD and work together to create a supportive and validating environment.

  4. Is The Borderline Personality Disorder In Women More Common Than In Men?

    Research suggests that Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) is more commonly diagnosed in women than men. However, it is important to note that BPD can affect individuals of any gender. Various factors, including biological, social, and cultural influences, could influence the higher prevalence of diagnosis in women. It is also worth mentioning that BPD may manifest differently in different genders, with variations in symptoms and presentation. However, further research is needed to understand these gender differences and their implications better.

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  1. National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) – Borderline Personality Disorder: Treatment Overview Website:
  2. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) – Borderline Personality Disorder Treatment Website:
  3. MedlinePlus – Borderline Personality Disorder: Treatment Website:,chaotic%20relationships%20with%20other%20people.#cat_90
  4. National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) – Borderline Personality Disorder Treatment and Support Website:
  5. Office on Women’s Health – Borderline Personality Disorder: Treatment Website:
  6. National Library of Medicine – Borderline Personality Disorder: Treatment Options Website:
  7. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) – Borderline Personality Disorder: Treatment Coverage Website:
  8. U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs – Borderline Personality Disorder: Treatment Options Website:
  9. Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) – Borderline Personality Disorder: Treatment Resources Website:
  10. National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) – Comorbidity: Borderline Personality Disorder and Substance Use Disorders Website: