Narcissistic Personality Disorder, Traits, Causes, Treatment

Narcissistic Personality Disorder Treatment. Treatment for Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is typically multifaceted, emphasizing increasing self-awareness, refining problem-solving skills, and fostering better interpersonal connections.


Explore the complex nature of Narcissistic Personality Disorder treatment (NPD). We thoroughly explain NPD, including its characteristics, causes, and potential therapies. Learn to recognize the signs of egocentrism, grandiosity, and a lack of empathy that may characterize someone with NPD. Learn about the early experiences and psychological factors that may have contributed to your NPD. We also investigate different types of therapy and self-help techniques that can help people with NPD improve their relationships with others and their understanding of themselves. Come along as we dissect NPD and illuminate narcissistic personality disorder treatments for dealing with this pervasive mental health issue.

Narcissistic Personality Disorder Treatment

Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is usually treated with a multifaceted approach that focuses on improving self-awareness, developing healthier ways to deal with problems, and improving relationships. People with NPD may find it hard to get help because they don’t like to admit their mistakes. However, the following treatments have been shown to help:

Psychotherapy: People with NPD can get help from psychotherapy, especially psychodynamic or cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). Therapy helps people figure out what’s bothering them emotionally, fix bad ways of thinking, think more clearly about themselves, and develop healthier ways of relating to others.

Group therapy: Group therapy gives people with NPD a chance to talk to others who are going through similar problems. It can be a safe place to get feedback, show empathy, and learn better ways to get along and talk to others.

Family therapy: Having family members participate in therapy can help deal with how relationships work and improve how people talk to each other. Family therapy can also help set boundaries and help family members get along better with each other.

Self-help strategies: Using self-help strategies like self-reflection, practicing empathy, and learning to control your emotions can be helpful. Taking care of yourself and setting realistic goals can also help you grow.

Medication: There are no specific medicines for NPD, but people with NPD who also have depression or anxiety may benefit from taking medicines for those conditions. Medication can help relieve symptoms and make you feel better overall.

What is a Narcissistic Person?

Who is a narcissistic person? A person with Narcissist Personality Disorder (NPD), a set of behaviors and personality traits, is called a “narcissist.” NPD is a mental illness marked by a heightened sense of self-importance, a constant need to be admired, and an inability to care about others. Narcissistic people often think too highly of themselves and their abilities. They want constant attention and approval, use others for their own gain, and have trouble getting along with others. They may act arrogant and self-centered, have a fragile sense of self-worth that is easily hurt, and find it hard to understand the needs and feelings of others.

Narcissistic Personality Disorder Treatment. Treatment for Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is typically multifaceted, emphasizing increasing self-awareness, refining problem-solving skills, and fostering better interpersonal connections.
Narcissistic Personality Disorder Treatment. Treatment for Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is typically multifaceted, emphasizing increasing self-awareness, refining problem-solving skills, and fostering better interpersonal connections.

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Narcissistic Personality Disorder Fact Sheet

Narcissistic Personality Disorder Definition

Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is a mental health condition characterized by an inflated sense of self-importance, a constant need for admiration, and a lack of empathy for others.

Traits and Behaviors

  • Grandiose sense of self-importance and entitlement.
  • Exaggerated achievements and talents.
  • Preoccupation with fantasies of unlimited success, power, or beauty.
  • Constant need for admiration and attention.
  • Lack of empathy for others’ feelings and needs.
  • Exploitative behavior and a sense of entitlement.
  • Envious of others or believes others are envious of them.
  • Arrogant and haughty attitude towards others.

Causes and Risk Factors

  • Early life experiences, such as excessive praise or excessive criticism/neglect.
  • Genetic and biological factors may contribute to the development of NPD.
  • Personality traits, such as low self-esteem and vulnerability to shame.
  • Sociocultural factors that emphasize individualism and achievement.

Narcissistic Personality Disorder Treatments Approach

  • Psychotherapy, including psychodynamic therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), can help explore underlying issues, modify distorted thinking patterns, and improve self-awareness.
  • Group therapy offers support, feedback, and learning opportunities from others with similar challenges.
  • Family therapy can address relationship dynamics and improve communication patterns within the family unit.
  • Self-help strategies, such as self-reflection, empathy practice, and emotional regulation techniques, can aid personal growth.
  • Medication may be prescribed for co-occurring conditions like depression or anxiety.

Important Considerations

  • Individuals with NPD may resist seeking treatment due to their difficulty acknowledging flaws or seeking help.
  • Treatment progress may require patience, consistency, and willingness to engage in therapy.
  • A qualified mental health professional should be consulted for an accurate diagnosis and tailored treatment plan.

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Narcissistic Personality Disorder Statistics

About 1% of the population has Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD), which is more common in men. People with NPD often have other problems at the same time, like depression, anxiety disorders, or problems with using drugs. NPD can greatly affect relationships with other people, making it hard to keep happy, long-lasting connections. It can also make working hard, especially with others or people in authority. It can be hard for people with NPD to get help because they don’t want to admit they’re wrong and need to feel better than everyone else.


How much NPD affects the general population

Source: NIMH

2 – 3x Higher

NPD in males is approximately two to three times higher than in narcissistic personality disorder in women.

Source: NIMH


Individuals with Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) are estimated to have co-occurring mental health issues.

Source: NIMH

Narcissistic Personality Disorder Symptoms or Traits

Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) can show up differently in a person’s behavior, feelings, and relationships with others. Here are some of the most common signs of NPD:

  • Grandiosity is a feeling of being too important and better than others.
  • Need for admiration: Always seeking attention, praise, and admiration from others.
  • Lack of empathy: Trouble recognizing or understanding how others feel and what they need.
  • Expecting special treatment and feeling like you deserve privileges is a sense of entitlement.
  • Exploitative behavior is using others for your gain and not caring about their feelings.
  • Arrogance is acting like you’re better than others and believing you have special skills.
  • Jealousy and envy: feeling upset and envious of other people’s successes or possessions.
  • Fragile self-esteem is when your self-worth is easily hurt by criticism or what you think is slight.
  • Interpersonal problems: It’s hard to maintain healthy, happy relationships because it’s hard to understand and work with other people.
  • Boundary issues are when people don’t care about their own limits or the rights and feelings of others.

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What Causes Narcissistic Personality Disorder?

No one knows what causes Narcissistic Personality Disorder Risk Factors (NPD), but it is thought that several things contribute to it. Some of these possible reasons are:

Genetic and Biological Factors: Some personality traits and characteristics may be passed down genetically, which could make someone more likely to have NPD. Some studies also suggest that problems with how the brain is built, or works may play a role in the development of NPD.

Environmental Factors: Events and people in a person’s early life and social environment can play a role in the development of NPD. Narcissistic traits can be caused by getting too much praise or criticism, being ignored, or having parents with different parenting styles.

Psychological Factors: There may be some psychological factors that lead to NPD. For example, a person with low self-esteem might develop narcissistic defenses to keep from feeling like they aren’t good enough.

Culture and society can affect how common narcissistic traits are and how they show up in people. Societies that emphasize individualism, materialism, and the pursuit of personal success may make people more likely to be narcissistic.

Narcissistic Personality Disorder Types

There aren’t usually different types of Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) in psychology. Instead, NPD is considered a single diagnostic category with a set of symptoms and behaviors common to all people with it. But it’s important to note that within the larger idea of narcissism, some researchers have suggested different types or subtypes based on certain traits or ways of acting. Diagnostic manuals do not recognize these subtypes, but they are still being studied and talked about. Some ideas for subtypes are:

  • Grandiose narcissism is a type of narcissism that is marked by a strong sense of superiority, grandiosity, and a need for attention and praise.
  • Vulnerable narcissism is characterized by a low sense of self-worth, a high sensitivity to criticism, and subtle signs of feeling entitled and important.
  • Malignant narcissism is sometimes used to describe people with narcissistic traits and antisocial behaviors, like being manipulative, heartless, and not caring about the rights and well-being of others.

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Am I a Narcissist Test (Narcissist Quiz)

Welcome to the Narcissistic Personality Disorder Test, also known as the Narcissist Test or “Am I a Narcissist” Test. This free online quiz is designed to provide you with insights into narcissistic personality traits and help you evaluate your own tendencies.

It is important to note that this test is not a substitute for professional diagnosis or evaluation. Narcissistic personality disorder is a complex mental health condition that can only be diagnosed by a qualified healthcare professional or mental health expert.

*By taking this free quiz, you may obtain your results online and in your email box. You’ll have the opportunity to opt-in to learn more about your symptoms, talk to a mental health consultant and join our newsletter. Rest assured your information is private and confidential. Results, consultations and assessment are provided without any cost to you and without any obligation. If you do not wish to provide your contact information, you may omit it during your quiz. Thank you for opting in and participating. To you best of health.

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Narcissistic Personality Disorder Diagnosis

Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD) is usually diagnosed by a psychiatrist or a narcissistic personality disorder specialist trained in mental health. The process includes a thorough evaluation that takes into account:

Clinical Assessment: The mental health professional will ask the person many questions about their symptoms, thoughts, feelings, and behaviors during a thorough clinical interview. They will also ask about the person’s personal and family history to learn more about the situation and possible causes.

Diagnostic Criteria: The mental health professional will look at the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) put out by the American Psychiatric Association to determine the diagnostic criteria. NPD is diagnosed when a person consistently shows grandiosity, a need for admiration, and a lack of empathy in different situations, as shown by certain criteria.

Collateral Information: Sometimes, family members, close friends, or other relevant people who can give more information about a person’s behavior and relationships with others can be asked for additional information.

Differential Diagnosis: The mental health professional will examine the person’s symptoms and try to rule out other possible causes. It’s important to tell NPD apart from other personality disorders, mental health conditions, or medical conditions that may have similar symptoms.

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  1. Is narcissistic personality disorder genetic?

    Even though there isn’t a single gene known to cause Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD), research suggests that it may have something to do with genes. Studies have shown that some narcissistic personality traits are passed down from generation to generation. Studies on twins and families have shown that having a relative with NPD makes you more likely to have it yourself. But it’s important to remember that genes aren’t the only thing that can cause NPD. Environmental factors, like what it was like to grow up and how culture affected it, also play a big role in how it shows up. More research is needed to fully understand how genetic factors and environmental factors work together to cause NPD.

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Search We Level Up WA Narcissistic Personality Disorder Treatment, Traits and Causes Mental Health Topics & Resources
  1. Brunell AB, et al. (2018). Are narcissists more attracted to people in relationships than to people not in relationships?
  2. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 5th edition, text revision (DSM-5-TR). (2022). Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Association Publishing.
  3. Fatfouta R, et al. (2021). Are individualistic societies really more narcissistic than collectivistic ones? A five-world region cross-cultural re-examination of narcissism and its facets.
  4. Kacel EL, et al. (2017). Narcissistic personality disorder in clinical health psychology practice: Case studies of comorbid psychological distress and life-limiting illness.
  5. Rose AB, et al. (2015). Narcissistic patients: Understanding and managing feelings and behaviors.
  6. Wright AGC, et al. (2017). The effect of pathological narcissism on interpersonal and affective processes in social interactions.
  7. Yakeley J. (2018). Current understanding of narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder.

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