Psychiatric Disorders, Symptoms, Causes, Types, and Treatment

Explore the world of psychiatric disorders, their symptoms, underlying causes, various types, and the available treatment options.

What is a Psychiatric Disorder?

Psychiatric disorders come in a wide variety, each with its own symptoms. Disrupted thinking, perception, emotion, behavior, and interpersonal relationships are hallmarks of these disorders. Mental health issues can be helped. Furthermore, most people can carry on with their daily lives with the right treatment for psychiatric disorders.

Disorders of the mind, also known as psychiatric illnesses, can have far-reaching effects on a person’s way of thinking, feeling, and acting. Furthermore, they can be transient or persistent, leading to chronic discomfort. Therefore, psychiatric disorders can make interacting with others and completing daily tasks difficult. One problem is that the person experiencing the disorder’s symptoms will likely feel awful.

Treatment for psychiatric disorders is quite common among adults in the United States, as reported by the American Psychiatric Association. A Year in the Life of:

  • Almost 20% of adult Americans have a diagnosable mental disorder.
  • One in 24 (4.1 percent) has a serious mental illness
  • Substance abuse affects 8.5% of the population or one in 12.
What is the common treatment of psychiatric disorders? There are several types of treatment for mental health problems. They include psychotherapy or counseling, Prescription medicine,  support groups, and a residential treatment program
What is the common treatment of psychiatric disorders? There are several types of treatment for mental health problems. They include psychotherapy or counseling, Prescription medicine, support groups, and a residential treatment program

Psychiatric Disorders List

Psychiatric disorders affect people’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. Here are some of the most common psychiatric disorders:

  • Depression: Feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and apathy.
  • Anxiety disorders: GAD, Panic, Social, and specific phobias.
  • Bipolar disorder: Mania and depression.
  • Schizophrenia: A chronic and severe mental disorder with hallucinations, delusions, disordered thinking, and impaired social functioning.
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD): Repetitive thoughts and actions to reduce anxiety.
  • Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): Develops after experiencing or witnessing a traumatic event, leading to distressing thoughts, flashbacks, and emotional disturbances.
  • ADHD: Hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention.
  • Eating disorders: anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating.
  • Substance use disorders: Drug or alcohol addiction that impairs life.
  • Personality disorders: Inflexible and unhealthy thinking, feeling, and behaving patterns that interfere with relationships and daily life.
  • ASD: A developmental disorder that affects communication, social interaction, and behavior.
  • Sleep disorders: Insomnia, apnea, and narcolepsy.

Psychiatric Disorders Facts


Definition of psychiatric disorder

Thoughts, feelings, and actions can all be affected by psychiatric disorders. Everyone, regardless of age, gender, or socioeconomic status, is at risk. These conditions can severely impact daily functioning, interpersonal relationships, and quality of life. Recognizing the need for proper diagnosis and treatment of psychiatric disorders requires understanding the various forms, risks, and causes of these conditions.

Types of Psychiatric Disorders

  • Mood Disorders include depression, bipolar disorder, and seasonal affective disorder (SAD).
  • Anxiety Disorders: Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD), panic disorder, phobias, and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) are examples.
  • Psychotic Disorders: Such as schizophrenia, where individuals experience hallucinations, delusions, and disordered thinking.
  • Eating Disorders: Including anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating disorder.
  • Substance Use Disorders: Characterized by dependence or addiction to drugs or alcohol.
  • Personality Disorders: Involving behavior and thought patterns that cause significant distress and impair social functioning.
  • Neurodevelopmental Disorders: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) fall into this category.

Causes of Psychiatric Disorders

Mental illness has various potential contributors, including biological, social, and psychological factors. The following are examples of frequent causes:

Causes of mental illness that run in the family or are inherited from the family.
Disturbances in the levels of mood- and behavior-altering neurotransmitters in the brain.
Abuse, neglect, or a major loss are traumatic life events.
Persistent problems in one’s personal life, professional life, or financial situation can lead to chronic stress.
Drug or alcohol abuse can exacerbate preexisting mental health issues or bring on new ones.

Dangers of Psychiatric Disorders

Psychiatric disorders can have profound effects on individuals’ lives, leading to various challenges and risks, such as:

  • Impaired social relationships and difficulty maintaining meaningful connections.
  • Reduced work or academic performance, leading to financial and educational setbacks.
  • Increased risk of self-harm or suicide, particularly in severe cases.
  • Negative physical health impacts include sleep disturbances, weakened immune systems, and heightened vulnerability to other illnesses.
  • Strained family dynamics and conflicts due to the challenges associated with the disorder.
  • Stigma and discrimination can contribute to feelings of isolation and hinder access to support and treatment.


Psychiatric disorders are treated differently depending on the disorder and patient. It usually involves medications, therapies, and lifestyle changes. Common psychiatric treatments include:

  • ADHD Treatment: Methylphenidate or amphetamines improve focus and reduce hyperactivity.
  • Behavioral therapy for impulsivity, organization, and communication.
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) helps people identify and change anxiety-causing thoughts and behaviors.
  • Anxiety medications include SSRIs and benzodiazepines.
  • Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) for BPD focuses on emotional regulation, distress tolerance, interpersonal effectiveness, and mindfulness.
  • Mood swings can be treated with antidepressants or mood stabilizers.
  • Depression Treatment: SSRIs or SNRIs to regulate mood.
  • Psychotherapy: CBT, IPT, or other therapies to address causes and develop coping strategies.
  • Bipolar Disorder Treatment
  • Mood stabilizers: Medications like lithium or anticonvulsants to manage mood swings and prevent episodes of mania or depression.
  • Psychoeducation, coping skills, and stress management through CBT.

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Psychiatric Disorder Statistics

Did you know that nearly half of all Americans will have some sort of mental health issue at some point in their lives? Furthermore, roughly seven out of ten family doctors do not refer their patients to a mental health professional who provides high-quality care. The truth is that approximately 18.5% of American adults have some form of mental illness or psychiatric disorder.

The percentage of adults with anxiety disorders such as post-traumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, or phobias is 18%. These figures demonstrate that many people are affected by these problems and that high-quality assistance is not always easily accessible. Treating psychiatric disorders in the United States and worldwide has become a major public and medical concern.


In any given year, 20% of Americans will suffer psychiatric disorders.

Source: CDC


A significant mental illness or psychiatric disorder, such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or major depression, affects 4% of the population in the United States.

Source: CDC


More than 50% of people will eventually be diagnosed with mental illness or psychiatric disorder.

Source: CDC

What Are ICD 10 Psychiatric Disorders?

World Health Organization’s (WHO) International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD-10) is a widely used diagnostic system. There’s a whole chapter devoted to mental health issues, with a standard way to label and track diagnoses. The International Statistical Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision (ICD-10) includes various mental health conditions and provides diagnostic and statistical codes.

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Comorbid Psychiatric Disorders

When two or more mental health issues occur simultaneously in the same person, we call that a comorbid psychiatric disorder. Comorbidity, the coexistence of two or more psychiatric disorders, is common among people with mental health problems. Diagnosis, treatment, and overall management of mental health can be significantly hampered by comorbid conditions.

Psychiatric conditions that often occur together are:

  • Depression and anxiety disorders: Many depressed people have anxiety disorders like generalized anxiety, panic, or social anxiety.
  • Substance use disorders and psychiatric disorders: Depression, anxiety, and bipolar disorder often co-occur with substance use disorders. Substance abuse worsens psychiatric symptoms.
  • Eating disorders and mood disorders: Depression, bipolar disorder, and anorexia nervosa are linked.
  • ADHD and anxiety/depression: People with ADHD may more likely develop these conditions.
  • PTSD can occur with other anxiety disorders like GAD or phobias.

When multiple mental health issues coexist, conducting a thorough assessment and individualizing treatment is important. To provide effective care and improve overall outcomes for individuals with comorbidities, healthcare providers must assess and address all coexisting conditions. Due to the interconnected nature of comorbid psychiatric disorders, it is often necessary to employ integrated treatment plans that address multiple disorders simultaneously.

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Symptoms of Psychiatric Disorders

Many different conditions share the umbrella of “psychiatric disorder,” each with its own unique signs and symptoms. Psychiatric disorder symptoms can range widely from one condition to another. However, some recognizable signs could point to a mental illness. Some examples are as follows:

  • Depression, hopelessness, irritability, or extreme mood swings.
  • Anxiety: Irrational fears, panic attacks, restlessness, and constant worry.
  • Sleep changes: Insomnia or excessive sleep, trouble falling or staying asleep.
  • Significant weight loss or gain, eating patterns, or appetite changes.
  • Social withdrawal: Isolation, avoiding social interactions, and relationship problems.
  • Cognitive issues: Concentration, memory, confusion, and disorganization.
  • Aggression, impulsivity, self-destruction, or risk-taking.
  • Psychotic symptoms: Delusions, hallucinations, disordered thinking, or reality distortion.
  • Obsessive-compulsive behaviors: Repetitive, unwanted thoughts and actions.
  • Self-harm or self-destruction: Suicidal thoughts or actions.

Some Types of Co-Occurring Psychiatric Disorders We Level Up WA Treatment

Treatment of psychiatric disorders in Mental health treatment centers offers individual, family, and group therapy sessions, resources to identify and manage conditions, medication management, educational programs, and community outreach initiatives. Mental health treatment centers can provide counseling and support to help individuals and families recognize and remove barriers to mental health, develop meaningful coping and support systems, and build lifelong strategies for better mental health recovery.
Treatment of psychiatric disorders in Mental health treatment centers offers individual, family, and group therapy sessions, resources to identify and manage conditions, medication management, educational programs, and community outreach initiatives. Mental health treatment centers can provide counseling and support to help individuals and families recognize and remove barriers to mental health, develop meaningful coping and support systems, and build lifelong strategies for better mental health recovery.

ADHD / ADD Treatments

Depression, a lack of motivation at work, and substance abuse are some negative outcomes that can stem from ADD/ADHD. Effective treatment for ADHD can be found. Because of this, early diagnosis is crucial.

Anxiety Treatments

Intense inpatient treatment for anxiety disorders can be of great assistance in breaking the anxiety-induced emotional distress cycle. The anxiety disorder treatment is not easy. However, with the right specialized treatments, the person should be able to get to the bottom of the issue.

Combining psychotherapy with anti-anxiety drugs can be very effective in treating anxiety disorders.

BPD Treatments

People with BPD typically benefit most from psychotherapy as an initial course of treatment. The BPD Inpatient Treatment program employs a team of clinicians around the clock, including psychiatrists, nurses with expertise in BPD care plans, and clinicians with master’s degrees who have completed specialized training in BPD assessment techniques.

Depression Treatments

If you’re suffering from depression, you might find that your symptoms make it difficult to do your job. Suffering from a severe case of depression is never simple. When dealing with multiple mental health issues at once, the challenge multiplies. Treatment for multiple depression-related disorders may be necessary for a full recovery. If the patient is given a comprehensive treatment plan, they may be able to overcome all of their conditions.

Panic Attack Treatments

Professional therapy is the gold standard for treating panic attacks, panic disorder, and agoraphobia. Most people can learn to reduce or stop their attacks with treatment. Treatment is based on how you’re feeling. However, if treatment is stopped too soon, symptoms may return. Psychotherapy is a common method of treating panic attacks and panic disorders. Drugs could be an option as well.

OCD Treatments

Medication, psychotherapy, or a combination are all viable options for treating OCD. While most people with OCD improve with treatment, others still struggle and seek help for their condition.

Postpartum Depression Treatment

Postpartum depression is diagnosed by looking at your symptoms and medical and pregnancy history. Discussing your worries with a trained mental health professional, such as a psychiatrist, psychologist, or social worker, could be beneficial.

Self-Harm Treatments

Effective treatments for self-harm can get a person back to work. Self-harm treatment plans should always include psychotherapy. Therefore, it’s important to develop new coping strategies. One type of psychotherapy that has gained widespread acceptance is cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Therapy entails meeting regularly with a therapist to discuss emotional issues.

PTSD Treatments

A permanent solution does not exist for PTSD. There are, however, effective methods of treatment and management. Psychotherapy is the main method of treating post-traumatic stress disorder. Medication for PTSD is merely a palliative measure. Individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder respond differently to treatment. Those suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) should consult a mental health professional about alleviating their condition. Therapy, psychotherapy, and medication are all viable options for treating PTSD.

Schizophrenia Treatments

It’s crucial to seek Psychiatric Disorders Treatment immediately if you’ve been diagnosed with schizophrenia. Mental health issues can be helped by medication and psychosocial support. However, most people who need professional help for schizophrenia go without it. While medication is an important part of treatment, it is not sufficient to manage schizophrenia; instead, education is essential.

There is a broad spectrum of available programs, services, and therapies. The We Level Up treatment centers do not offer EMDR. Because the patient’s mental health must be stable before EMDR therapy can begin. Because of this, stabilization is required before patients who are actively drinking or using drugs can begin EMDR therapy to process trauma. Phases 3 through 8 of Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy work best when patients feel safe and trusting in their relationships with their therapists.

To improve long-term recovery outcomes, We Level Up rehab centers treat the underlying behavioral health disorder and any co-occurring illnesses. Find the best course of treatment for your substance abuse or mental health issues with a free evaluation. Reach out to us at this number if you have any questions.

Trauma Treatment

Trauma treatment often necessitates longer-term ongoing therapy than is possible within the confines of a hospital. Trauma treatment should begin with talk therapy. Instead, a client will meet with a therapist working with people who have experienced trauma. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) targets the negative thoughts associated with the traumatic experience; Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR), individuals briefly relive specific traumatic experiences while the therapist directs their eye movements. It’s meant to aid victims in working through and accepting their traumatic experiences.

Mood & Personality Disorder Treatments

Treatment for mood and personality disorders typically entails psychotherapy. Some people with co-occurring disorders need more than just therapy. Some symptoms may also be alleviated by medication. Treatment encompassing the whole person includes talk therapy sessions, aftercare services, and consistency. Those suffering from mood and personality disorders can benefit greatly from receiving treatment in the field of psychiatry. These procedures are part of a holistic approach to treating mood and personality disorders simultaneously.

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  1. is ADHD a psychiatric disorder?

    ADHD is psychiatric. It is a childhood neurodevelopmental disorder that can last into adulthood. ADHD causes inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity that can disrupt daily life and development. ADHD sufferers may struggle with attention, organization, focus, and impulsivity. These issues can impact academics, work, and relationships.

  2. Is depression a psychiatric disorder?

    Yes, depression is classified as a mental illness. Persistent sadness, a lack of interest or pleasure in previously enjoyable activities, and other emotional and physical symptoms characterize this mood disorder. The effects of depression on a person’s day-to-day life, relationships, and general happiness can be devastating.

  3. Is anxiety a psychiatric disorder?

    Anxiety is indeed a diagnosable mental health condition. It’s characterized by feelings of worry, fear, or apprehension that persist for long periods of time and hurt daily life and activities. Many mental health issues fall under the umbrella term “anxiety disorder,” including but not limited to GAD, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and specific phobias.

    The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) provides diagnostic criteria for anxiety disorders. These standards consider how much the individual’s anxiety symptoms have hindered their life and how long they’ve been present.

  4. Is dementia a psychiatric disorder?

    No. Dementia is now considered a neurodegenerative disease rather than a mental illness. Memory loss, slowed thinking, and challenges with language, problem-solving, and daily tasks are hallmarks of this condition. Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, Lewy body dementia, and frontotemporal dementia are some underlying brain diseases that can lead to dementia.

  5. What are acquired psychiatric disorders?

    Secondary psychiatric disorders, or acquired psychiatric disorders, are mental health problems that manifest after someone already has another medical or physical problem. These conditions should be distinguished from primary psychiatric disorders, which do not have a physical basis. Neurological disorders, hormonal imbalances, infections, medications, substance abuse, and other medical illnesses can all contribute to developing an acquired psychiatric disorder.

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