Relationship Anxiety, Signs, Causes, and Treatment

Anxiety in relationships refers to the experience of excessive worry, fear, or unease that specifically pertains to one’s romantic relationships. It involves persistent and intrusive thoughts about the relationship, its stability, the partner’s feelings or actions, and the relationship’s future. People with anxiety in relationships often have a heightened sensitivity to potential threats or signs of rejection, which can lead to various emotional and behavioral responses.

An Overview of Relationship Anxiety

Relationship anxiety is excessive worry, fear, or apprehension about romantic relationships. It can manifest in various ways and significantly impact an individual’s emotional well-being and the quality of their relationships.

What is Anxiety in Relationships?

Anxiety in relationships refers to the experience of excessive worry, fear, or unease that specifically pertains to one’s romantic relationships. It involves persistent and intrusive thoughts about the relationship, its stability, the partner’s feelings or actions, and the relationship’s future. People with anxiety in relationships often have a heightened sensitivity to potential threats or signs of rejection, which can lead to various emotional and behavioral responses.

Anxiety in relationships can manifest in several ways:

  1. Constant Worry: Individuals may constantly worry about the relationship, their partner’s feelings, or potential problems.
  2. Fear of Abandonment: There is a deep-seated fear of being abandoned or left alone by one’s partner. This fear may arise due to past experiences or a lack of trust.
  3. Need for Reassurance: Those with relationship anxiety may seek constant reassurance and validation from their partner to alleviate their anxieties.
  4. Jealousy and Possessiveness: Feelings of jealousy and possessiveness may arise, often driven by a fear of losing the partner or being replaced.
  5. Overanalyzing and Overthinking: Overthinking and analyzing every relationship aspect is common, including past events, conversations, and future scenarios.
  6. Avoidance of Intimacy or Commitment: Some individuals with relationship anxiety may struggle with emotional intimacy or fear committing to the relationship due to their anxieties.

Managing relationship anxiety involves self-awareness, effective communication with one’s partner, addressing underlying insecurities, challenging negative thoughts, and practicing self-care. Seeking professional help, such as therapy or counseling, can also be beneficial in working through relationship anxiety and developing healthier relationship patterns.

Anxiety and Anxiety in Relationships Fact Sheet

What is Anxiety?

  • Anxiety is a normal and often temporary response to stress or a perceived threat.
  • It involves feelings of unease, worry, fear, or apprehension.
  • Anxiety becomes a concern when it is persistent, excessive, and interferes with daily life.

Types of Anxiety Disorders:

  1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD):
    • Characterized by excessive, uncontrollable worry and anxiety about various aspects of life.
    • Symptoms may include restlessness, irritability, muscle tension, fatigue, and difficulty concentrating.
  2. Panic Disorder:
    • It involves recurrent and unexpected panic attacks and intense periods of fear or discomfort.
    • Panic attacks can cause rapid heartbeat, sweating, shortness of breath, chest pain, and a sense of impending doom.

3. Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD):

Involves an intense fear of social situations and of being judged or embarrassed.

People with SAD may avoid social interactions, leading to significant distress and impairment.

4. Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD):

Characterized by intrusive thoughts (obsessions) and repetitive behaviors (compulsions) performed to alleviate anxiety.

OCD can interfere with daily activities and cause significant distress

Male Anxiety in Relationships

  1. Societal Expectations: Men may feel pressure to conform to traditional gender roles and expectations in relationships, such as being the provider, protector, or emotionally strong. This pressure can lead to anxiety about meeting these expectations and fears of falling short.
  2. Communication Challenges: Men may struggle to express emotions and communicate their relationship needs. This can contribute to anxiety as they struggle to communicate their thoughts, fears, or vulnerabilities effectively to their partners.
  3. Fear of Vulnerability: Due to cultural and societal norms, men are often discouraged from displaying vulnerability or seeking emotional support. This can create anxiety as they fear being judged, seen as weak, or rejected when opening up about their insecurities or emotional struggles.
  4. Fear of Rejection or Abandonment: Like individuals of any gender, men can experience anxiety related to the fear of rejection or abandonment in their relationships. This anxiety may stem from past relationship experiences or attachment insecurities.

Relationship Anxiety Quotes

  1. “Overthinking kills happiness. Overthinking creates problems you never had. Don’t overthink; just overflow with love.”
  2. “Anxiety happens when you think you have to figure everything out. Turn to God. He has a plan.”
  3. “Overthinking is the biggest cause of our unhappiness. Keep yourself occupied. Keep your mind off things that don’t help you.”

Anxiety in Relationship Book Recommendation

“Attached: The New Science of Adult Attachment and How It Can Help You Find—and Keep—Love” by Amir Levine and Rachel Heller. This book delves into the science of adult attachment and explores how our attachment styles impact our romantic relationships.

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Anxiety Statistics

Anxiety is a common mental health condition characterized by excessive worry, fear, and apprehension.

264 million

Anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health conditions worldwide, affecting a significant portion of the population. An estimated 264 million people globally were living with anxiety disorders in 2017.

Source: WHO


Research suggests that approximately 60-80% of individuals experience improvement in anxiety symptoms with Zoloft.

Source: CDC

$42 billion

The economic costs associated with anxiety disorders are substantial. Anxiety disorders cost more than $42 billion annually in healthcare expenses and lost productivity in the United States.

Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry

Relationship Anxiety or Gut Feeling?

Separation anxiety in relationships can trigger both relationship anxiety and a gut feeling.

Separation anxiety in relationships refers to the fear or distress experienced when separated from a romantic partner. This can manifest as excessive worry, fear of abandonment, or emotional dependence on the partner. It can contribute to relationship anxiety, where individuals may constantly worry about the relationship’s stability and fear being left alone.

On the other hand, gut feeling is an instinctual or intuitive response that can arise in relationships. It’s a deep, intuitive sense or inner knowing about a situation or person. In relationships, a gut feeling may refer to an unexplainable sense of unease, discomfort, or a strong feeling that something is wrong. It can sometimes serve as an internal warning sign or prompt for further investigation or evaluation of the relationship.

In summary, separation anxiety in relationships can trigger both relationship anxiety and a gut feeling. Relationship anxiety involves persistent worries and fears about the relationship, while the gut feeling is an instinctual response that may provide intuitive insights into the relationship. Both can play a role in understanding and navigating the complexities of relationships.

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Separation Anxiety in Relationships

Separation anxiety refers to the distress or fear experienced by individuals when separated from their romantic partners. It is common in various relationship stages, from the early dating to long-term partnerships. The following aspects can characterize separation anxiety in relationships:

  1. Emotional Distress: When individuals are physically separated from their partners, they may experience emotional distress, including sadness, anxiety, or unease. This distress can intensify when the separation is prolonged or unexpected.
  2. Fear of Abandonment: Separation anxiety often involves a fear of being abandoned or left behind by the partner. Individuals with separation anxiety may worry excessively about their partner’s well-being, fidelity, or intentions during the separation.
  3. Reliance on the Partner: Those with separation anxiety may rely heavily on their partners for emotional support, stability, and security. Being separated can disrupt this reliance, leading to heightened distress and a sense of vulnerability.
  4. Physical Symptoms: Separation anxiety can also manifest in physical symptoms such as restlessness, difficulty sleeping, loss of appetite, or physical discomfort when separated from the partner.
  5. Impact on Functioning: In severe cases, separation anxiety can significantly impact an individual’s daily functioning, making it difficult to focus on work or other responsibilities apart from the partner.
  6. Attachment Factors: An individual’s attachment style can influence the severity of relationship separation anxiety. Those with anxious or insecure attachment styles may be more prone to experiencing separation anxiety.

However, when separation anxiety becomes excessive, overwhelming, and interferes with an individual’s well-being and ability to maintain a healthy relationship, it may be beneficial to address and manage these feelings through open communication, self-care, and, if needed, seeking support from a mental health professional.

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Separation Anxiety Relationship Cause

  1. Attachment Issues: Separation anxiety can stem from attachment issues developed early in life. If an individual experiences inconsistent caregiving, neglect, or abandonment in childhood, they may develop a heightened fear of separation and struggle with trust and security in adult relationships.
  2. Past Traumatic Experiences: Previous traumatic experiences, such as losing a loved one, a difficult breakup, or a history of unstable relationships, can contribute to separation anxiety in future relationships. These experiences can create a fear of being hurt or abandoned again, leading to anxiety when faced with separation.
  3. Insecure Attachment Style: Individuals with an anxious or fearful-avoidant attachment style are more prone to experiencing separation anxiety in relationships. These attachment styles are characterized by a fear of abandonment or a reluctance to get too close to others, which can heighten anxiety when faced with separation.
  4. Relationship Dynamics: The dynamics within a specific relationship can also contribute to separation anxiety. For example, if a partner is unreliable or inconsistent, the fear of being left out or disappointed can lead to separation anxiety.
  5. Fear of the Unknown: Separation anxiety can be driven by a fear of the unknown or uncertainty about the relationship’s future. Some individuals may have a strong desire for stability and predictability, causing anxiety when faced with separation and the potential changes it may bring.
  6. Insecurity and Low Self-Esteem: Individuals with low self-esteem or insecurity may be more susceptible to separation anxiety. They may doubt their worthiness of love or fear that their partner will find someone better during the separation, leading to heightened anxiety.

Is it Relationship Anxiety or Not In Love?

Distinguishing between relationship anxiety and not being in love can be challenging due to the overlapping signs and emotions they can share. Relationship anxiety involves excessive worry, fear, and uncertainty about the relationship, with constant questioning, doubt, and insecurity. It concerns the relationship’s stability, compatibility, and future, often accompanied by a fear of abandonment or rejection.

On the other hand, not being in love refers to a lack of strong romantic feelings or emotional connection towards one’s partner, resulting in disinterest, indifference, and a lack of deep emotional attachment. Individuals may experience a sense of disconnect or dissatisfaction. Understanding these nuances requires self-reflection on emotions, thoughts, overall relationship satisfaction, and open communication with one’s partner.

New Relationship Anxiety

New relationship anxiety refers to feelings of unease, worry, or nervousness that can arise when entering a new romantic relationship. It is common to experience some anxiety in the early stages of a relationship as you navigate the unknown and establish trust and connection with your partner. The intensity and duration of new relationship anxiety can vary from person to person and depend on factors such as past experiences, attachment style, and individual coping mechanisms. Communicating openly with your partner, building trust, and practicing self-care is important to manage and reduce new relationship anxiety over time.

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  1. How long does relationship anxiety last?

    The duration of relationship anxiety can vary greatly depending on the individual and the circumstances, so there is no fixed timeline.

  2. How to get over relationship anxiety?

    Getting over relationship anxiety involves addressing underlying insecurities, practicing effective communication with your partner, challenging negative thought patterns, seeking professional support, and focusing on self-care and self-love.

  3. How to deal with relationship anxiety?

    To deal with relationship anxiety, it is important to communicate openly with your partner, challenge negative thoughts, seek professional guidance if needed, practice self-care and self-compassion, and focus on building trust and understanding in the relationship.

Watch Powerful Coping Skills for Anxiety. Anxiety Tips & Advice from a Therapist.

“Anxiety, when gone untreated, can increase over time. So here are four tips to calm your everyday anxiety. Take a breath. Do something that you enjoy. Remove yourself from the situation and go for a walk. Doing these four things gives you a better chance of calming your anxiety.”

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Search We Level Up WA Mental Health Relationship Anxiety Topics & Resources
  1. National Institute of Mental Health – “Anxiety Disorders” Link:
  2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) – “Mental Health – Anxiety and Depression” Link:
  3. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute – “Coping With Stress and Anxiety” Link:,in%20a%20stress%20management%20program
  4. MedlinePlus – “Anxiety” Link:
  5. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) – “Anxiety Disorders” Link:
  6. National Institute on Aging – “Anxiety Disorders in Older Adults” Link:
  7. Office on Women’s Health – “Anxiety Disorders” Link:
  8. National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health – “Anxiety” Link:
  9. U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs – “Anxiety Disorders” Link:
  10. National Library of Medicine – “Anxiety” Link: